The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) is the body that monitors the implementation of the provisions of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) by its State parties.
The States must submit an initial report one year after acceding to the Convention and then every two years. The Committee examines each report and lets the State party know about its concerns in the “concluding observations”.
The Convention has also created three mechanisms that allow the Committee to fulfil its monitoring functions: the early-warning procedure, he examination of inter-state complaints and the examination of individual complaints.
The members, 18 independent experts, are elected for a term of four years by State parties. Elections for nine of the eighteen members are held every two years. The Committee meets in Geneva and normally holds two sessions per year consisting of three weeks each.
International Convention on the Elimination of All Form of Racial Discrimination
Adopted and opened for signature and ratification by General Assembly resolution 2106 A (XX) of 21 December 1965.
Entry into force: 4 January 1969, in accordance with Article 19.