The Committee on Enforced Disappearance can be appealed in a matter of urgency “by relatives of the disappeared person or their legal representatives, their counsel or any person authorized by them, as well as by any other person having a legitimate interest “ (Article 30, paragraph 1).
The requirement of admissibility are as follows:
If the Committee considers the request admissible, it shall request the State Party concerned to provide information on the situation of the persons sought, within a time limit set by the Committee.
Article 31 of the Convention provides for States which have accepted it, the possibility to submit individual communications. The communication will not be admissible if:
The Committee can also, under the conditions laid down in Article 33, request its members to undertake a visit. In cases where the Committee receives information on a general or systematic practice of enforced disappearance in the territory under the jurisdiction of a State party, it may urgently bring the matter through the Secretary-General of the United Nations to the attention of the General Assembly of the United Nations (Article 34). Finally, Article 36 disposes that the Committee submits an annual report on its activities under this Convention to the States Parties and to the General Assembly of the United Nations.
The Convention’s procedure of individual complaints has not yet entered into force. Situations can be submitted to the Working Group on Enforced Disappearances.