The Republic of Kenya is a member of the United Nations and the African Union. It has ratified many UN Human Rights Conventions (compare list on the right) and thus has made binding international commitments to adhere to the standards laid down in these universal human rights documents.
Kenya is a Swahili- and English-speaking country in East Africa. Bordering the Indian Ocean, the country has an area of 580,367 square km. On a global scale, its population density is medium. The capital of the country, which became independent on 12 December 1963 from the United Kingdom, is Nairobi. Kenya is a member of the regional economic communities EAC, IGAD, CEN-SAD and COMESA.
With a Human Development Index of 0.54 Kenya ranks 147th of 182 countries ranked in the UNDP Human Development Report of 2009. Life expectancy of the 38.5 million inhabitants at birth is 48 years, population growth is 2.6 percent per year. GNI is 770 US-$ per capita. External debt is 30.3 percent of gross national income. Primary school enrolment is 86.3 percent.
In as far as Kenya has ratified the Optional Protocols for UN Human Rights Conventions or has accepted the Competence of the corresponding UN Treaty Bodies (compare list on the right), the inhabitants of Kenya and their representatives are able to invoke their human rights through these bodies.
All inhabitants of Kenya may turn to the UN Human Rights Committee through procedure 1503, to the Special Rapporteurs for violations of specific human rights or to ECOSOC for women's rights violations.
Since Kenya is a member state of UNESCO, its citizens may use the UNESCO procedure for human rights violations in UNESCO's fields of mandate.
Employers' or workers' and certain other organizations (not individuals) of Egypt may file complaints through the ILO procedure in the cases of those conventions which Kenya has ratified.
Since Kenya is an AU member, its citizens and NGOs may file complaints to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights.
They may also file complaints according to the EU guidelines (on Human Rights Defenders, Death Penalty and Torture) to Embassies of EU Member States and the Delegations of the European Commission.
In cases of human rights violations by multinational enterprises, they may also invoke the National Contact Point in an OECD member state.
Kenya has joined the International Criminal Court, it may thus be called upon in case of severe crimes.