The Kingdom of Morocco is a member of the United Nations, but not of the African Union. It has ratified many UN Human Rights Conventions (compare list on the right) and thus has made binding international commitments to adhere to the standards laid down in these universal human rights documents.
Morocco is an Arabic-speaking country in North Africa. The middle-sized country with an area of 446,550 square km has a long coastline to the Atlantic Ocean and to the Mediterranean Sea. On a global scale, its population density is medium. The capital of the country, which became independent on 2 March 1956 from France and on 7 April 1956 from Spain, is Rabat. Morocco is a member of the regional economic communities AMU and CEN-SAD.
With a Human Development Index of 0.65 Morocco ranks 130th of 182 countries ranked in the UNDP Human Development Report of 2009. Life expectancy of the 31.2 million inhabitants at birth is 71 years, population growth is 1.2 percent per year. GNI is 2,580 US-$ per capita. External debt is 27.3 percent of gross national income. Primary school enrolment is 88.8 percent.
In as far as Morocco has ratified the Optional Protocols for UN Human Rights Conventions or has accepted the Competence of the corresponding UN Treaty Bodies (compare list on the right), the inhabitants of Morocco and their representatives are able to invoke their human rights through these bodies.
All inhabitants of Morocco may turn to the UN Human Rights Committee through procedure 1503, to the Special Rapporteurs for violations of specific human rights or to ECOSOC for women's rights violations.
Since Morocco is a member state of UNESCO, its citizens may use the UNESCO procedure for human rights violations in UNESCO's fields of mandate.
Employers' or workers' and certain other organizations (not individuals) of Morocco may file complaints through the ILO procedure in the cases of those conventions which Morocco has ratified.
They may also file complaints according to the EU guidelines (on Human Rights Defenders, Death Penalty and Torture) to Embassies of EU Member States and the Delegations of the European Commission.
In cases of human rights violations by multinational enterprises, they may also invoke the National Contact Point in an OECD member state.
Morocco has not yet joined the International Criminal Court.