The rights falling under UNESCO’s competence of which the Articles are mentioned below refer to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948:
Individuals, groups of individuals and NGOs can submit an individual complaint to the Committee on Conventions and Recommendations of UNESCO if they are direct victims or if they have a sufficient connection to the claimed violation. The protected persons are teachers, students, researchers, artists, writers and journalists. The procedure is confidential from the beginning to the end.
First of all, the complaint requires to write a short letter, in English or French, stating violations on Human Rights protected by UNESCO to the following adress:
The Secretariat will then send to the author of the letter a form to be completed which constitutes his or her communication and which will be transmitted to the government concerned and examined by UNESCO’s Committee on Conventions and Recommendations.
It is only after the return of the form to UNESCO that a communication is officially taken into consideration. For being admissible, a communication must meet the following conditions:
The Committee examines communications in private session. The State concerned can be heard. Later, the Committee informs the State and the author of the communication of its decision. That decision is not subject to appeal, but can be re-examined if new information are received. Officially, that procedure was several times successful, despite its confidentiality.
For more information on the individual complaint procedure: http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=27969&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
The procedure of individual complaints is not based on a particular Convention, but on the constitutional authority inherent to UNESCO: The 193 Member States of the UNESCO must submit to this procedure. Among them are all countries of the African continent (with the exception of Western Sahara).