The Committee consists of 18 independent experts elected by the States Parties to the treaty who monitor the implementation of the provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and its two Optional Protocols. The Committee normally meets three times a year, for two sessions in Geneva and one in New York.
The CCPR was adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200 A (XXI) of 16 December 1966. It entered into force on 23 March 1976, in accordance with Article 49.
As of February 2012, the following African states have ratified the Covenant:
Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, The Congo, The Democratic Republic Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Egypt, Ethiopia, Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, The Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Swaziland, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, The Sudan, Tunisia, The United Republic of Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe